Cruise & Coastal Tourism

Protecting Our Marine Treasures: Sustainable Finance Options for U.S. Marine Protected Areas

In November, the Marine Protected Areas' Federal Advisory Committee (MPA/FAC) completed its report Protecting Our Marine Treasures: Sustainable Finance Options for U.S. Marine Protected Areas. The MPA/FAC advises NOAA and the Department of the Interior on ways to strengthen the nation's system of MPAs. CREST's Martha Honey served as the Vice Chair of the 7-person sub-committee that produced this report.

Photo: Sakurai Midori , used under Creative Commons License

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Sinaloa Sur Initiative for Competitive and Sustainable Tourism

This project, begun in 2013, has consisted of three phases: 1) assessing the impacts of a massive new government resort and vacation home tourism project and proposing economically viable and sustainable alternatives, 2) preserving critical wetlands and cultural heritage in Southern Sinaloa, and 3) carrying out a GSTC destination-wide assessment of Southern Sinaloa to create a strategic sustainable tourism plan and a destination management organization. The third phase was completed in 2016.

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Tourism Development in Northern Cyprus

In 2015 CREST participated in a short-term World Bank consultancy on the island of Cyprus. The mission included site visits, meetings with government officials, and a 2-day workshop on tourism, the country's largest industry. The mission focused on the Turkish part of Cyprus, known as the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCc) and bringing the tourism and agricultural sectors up to EU standards prior to possible reunification with the Greek portion of the island.

Photo: Sergey Galyonkin via Flickr, used under Creative Commons License

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Grenada Climate Change & Coastal Tourism Workshops

Building on data shared at the 3rd Symposium for Innovators in Coastal Tourism, held in Grenada in 2014, CREST staff researched and compiled information on linkages between climate change and tourism in Grenada and created a one-hour comprehensive presentation with fact sheets to share with the larger Grenadian community. Thirty locals from public, private, and civil sectors were trained in 2015 with the information so it could be dispersed throughout the islands.

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Skyviews Eco-Labeling Program in the Caribbean

The Barbados-based tourist map company Skyviews Inc. worked with CREST in 2014 to develop a new eco-labeling program to encourage their clients to be more sustainable. The voluntary program measures and rates the sustainability performance of tourism businesses against a number of international best-practice criteria. The program enables all businesses to measure their progress towards sustainability and earn eco-labels on the maps in five categories: energy, waste, water, social governance & biodiversity.

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A Portrait of Economic Realities in Nosara and Sámara: Providing Tools for Sustainable Development

This 2014 study of the Nosara and Sámara Districts in Costa Rica provides the Nosara Civic Association (NCA), which represents the coastal zone and Development Association of Nosara (ADIN), with essential data and technical assistance needed to move forward with plans for both governmental reform and sustainability. Nosara and Sámara are both characterized by vacation homes and small-scale resort tourism, though poverty still persists.

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Balancing Sustainable Tourism & Commercial Fishing in a Marine Protected Area, Turneffe Atoll, Belize

In 2013, CREST released Balancing Sustainable Tourism & Commercial Fishing in a Marine Protected Area, Turneffe Atoll, Belize. Based on six months of research, this report examines key issues facing the new 325,000 acre Marine Reserve and the Reserve's two main economic sectors: commercial fishing and tourism. The purpose of the study was to analyze potential synergies between the sectors and to determine pathways to success and sustainability for both.

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Agrigento: 2020 Vision – Implementing a Sustainable Tourism Action Plan

'Agrigento: 2020 Vision' is a Sustainable Tourism Action Plan developed for Agrigento, Sicily, Italy, in 2012. The Action Plan identifies tourism-related investments and employment opportunities within an acceptable social and environmental safeguards framework. The plan focuses on the conservation of the cultural, historic and natural attributes of the city and its immediate surroundings while ensuring the socio-economic benefits of its local residents.

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Alternative Development Models and Good Practices for Sustainable Coastal Tourism: A Framework for Decision Makers in Mexico

This 2012 'Framework for Decision Makers' compiles existing good practices for sustainable, large-scale coastal tourism in Mexico. In light of the Calderon administration’s reinvigoration of tourism, and the emphasis on competitiveness and sustainability in the National Tourism Accord and General Tourism Law, CREST has compiled existing good practices for resorts, vacation homes, marinas and golf courses in a clear, user-friendly format in Spanish and English.

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The Contribution of Animal Welfare and Sustainable Tourism to Sustainable Development

In 2012, CREST and the World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA), researched and produced The Contribution of Animal Welfare and Sustainable Tourism to Sustainable Development, a handbook of case studies drawn from an animal welfare conference in Costa Rica. The publication is a part of a greater toolkit for communities to integrate animal welfare strategically into sustainable development.

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Impact of Tourism Related Development along Costa Rica's Pacific Coast

This 2010 multi-dimensional study, carried out over two years by researchers in Costa Rica and the U.S., assesses the growth, trends, and impacts of tourism and related development along Costa Rica's Pacific coast. It compares the increasingly dominant models of coastal and marine tourism – characterized by large resorts, vacation homes, and cruise tourism – with Costa Rica's widely acclaimed model of eco and sustainable tourism which has evolved over the last two decades.

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Cruise Tourism Impacts in Costa Rica and Honduras: Policy Recommendations for Decision Makers

Through thousands of cruise passenger surveys and several hundred interviews with those directly involved in the tourism industry in 2007, CREST collected data on cruise tourism's economic, social, and environmental impacts in Belize, Costa Rica, Honduras, and Costa Maya, Mexico. Careful analysis of firsthand views, combined with detailed review of the industry's economic data, indicate a real need for improvements to the way cruise tourism is typically handled throughout the region.

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Global Trends in Coastal Tourism

In 2007, CREST was commissioned by the Marine Program of World Wildlife Fund (WWF) to analyze the current global trends in coastal tourism. The goal was to test WWF's working hypothesis about the main drivers behind coastal and marine tourism and to propose interventions that would be most useful, should WWF develop a new tourism program to address the threats that coastal tourism development poses to biodiversity conservation and the well-being of destination communities.

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Cruise Tourism in Belize: Perceptions of Economic, Social and Environmental Impacts

This 2006 study examines the terrestrial impacts – economic, social, & environmental – of cruise tourism as they are viewed in Belize. It is based on academically rigorous field research carried out in 2005 and through analysis of cruise passenger and exit surveys. The study compares spending patterns, activities, perceptions and preferences of cruise and stayover visitors. It also compares the history, policy making, and public debate around cruise tourism and ecotourism, while comparing the two with respect to employment, taxes, and generated public revenue.

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